Working Paper

Nonparametric spectral-based estimation of latent structures


Stéphane Bonhomme, Koen Jochmans, Jean-Marc Robin

Published Date

1 April 2014


Working Paper (CWP18/14)

We present a constructive identification proof of p-linear decompositions of q-way arrays. The analysis is based on the joint spectral decomposition of a set of matrices. It has applications in the analysis of a variety of latent-structure models, such as q-variate mixtures of p distributions. As such, our results provide a constructive alternative to Allman, Matias and Rhodes [2009]. The identification argument suggests a joint approximate-diagonalization estimator that is easy to implement and whose asymptotic properties we derive. We illustrate the usefulness of our approach by applying it to nonparametrically estimate multivariate finite-mixture models and hidden Markov models.