Working Paper

Adaptive nonparametric instrumental variables estimation: empirical choice of the regularization parameter


Joel L. Horowitz

Published Date

1 July 2013


Working Paper (CWP30/13)

In nonparametric instrumental variables estimation, the mapping that identifies the function of interest, g say, is discontinuous and must be regularised (that is, modified) to make consistent estimation possible. The amount of modification is controlled by a regularisation parameter. The optimal value of this parameter depends on unknown population characteristics and cannot be calculated in applications. Theoretically justified methods for choosing the regularisation parameter empirically in applications are not yet available. This paper presents such a method for use in series estimation, where the regularisation parameter is the number of terms in a series approximation to g. The method does not required knowledge of the smoothness of g or of other unknown functions. It adapts to their unknown smoothness. The estimator of g based on the empirically selected regularisation parameter converges in probability at a rate that is at least as fast as the asymptotically optimal rate multiplied by (logn)1/2, where n is the sample size. The asymptotic integrated mean-square error (AIMSE) of the estimator is within a specified factor of the optimal AIMSE.