Working Paper

A Test for Instrument Validity


Toru Kitagawa

Published Date

19 August 2014


Working Paper (CWP34/14)

This paper develops a specification test for instrument validity in the heterogeneous treatment effect model with a binary treatment and a discrete instrument. The strongest testable implication for instrument validity is given by the condition for non-negativity of point- identifiable complier’s outcome densities. Our specification test infers this testable implication using a variance-weighted Kolmogorov-Smirnov test statistic. Implementation of the proposed test does not require smoothing parameters, even though the testable implications involve non-parametric densities. The test can be applied to both discrete and continuous outcome cases, and an extension of the test to settings with conditioning covariates is provided.