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Journal article | Fiscal Studies
Sir James Mirrlees, co‐recipient of the 1996 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, passed away in August 2018. This article outlines how his work has transformed economists’ understanding of their discipline – from the principles of tax design to the theory of contracts and beyond.
Journal article | Economics of Education Review
There is wide agreement that the US student loan system faces significant problems. Seven million borrowers are in default and many more are not repaying for reasons such as returning to school, or economic hardship. The stress of repayments faced by many students results at least in part from the ...
Journal article | Child abuse and neglect
Louise McGrath-Lone, Lorraine Dearden, Bilal Nasim, Katie Harron and Ruth Gilbert
Placement in out-of-home care (OHC) indicates serious childhood adversity and is associated with multiple adverse outcomes. Each year 0.5% of children in England live in OHC but evidence is lacking on the cumulative proportion who enter during childhood and how this varies over time. We measured ...
Journal article | International Journal of Population Data Science
Amy Mizen, Jane Lyons, Ruth Doherty, Damon Berridge, Paul Wilkinson, Ai Milojevic, David Carruthers, Ashley Akbari, Iain Lake, Gwyneth Davies, Anna Mavrogianni, Mohammad Al Sallakh, Lorraine Dearden, Rhodri Johnson and Sarah Rodgers
There is a lack of evidence on the adverse effects of air pollution on cognition for people with air quality-related health conditions. We propose that educational attainment, as a proxy for cognition, may increase with improved air quality. This study will explore whether asthma and seasonal ...
Journal article | Archives of Disease in Childhood
Kate Jane Fitzsimmons, Lynn P Copley, Efrosini Setakis, Susan C Charman, Scott A Deacon, Lorraine Dearden and Jan H van der Meulen
We used national data to study differences in academic achievement between 5-year-old children with an isolated oral cleft and the general population. We also assessed differences by cleft type.
Journal article | International Journal of Population Data Science
Amy Mizen, Jane Lyons, Ashley Akbari, Damon Berridge, David Carruthers, Gwyneth Davies, Lorraine Dearden, Ruth Doherty, Anna Mavrogianni, Iain Lake and Sarah Rodgers
There is a lack of evidence of the adverse effects of air pollution and pollen on cognition for people with air quality related health conditions. This study explored the effects of air quality and respiratory health conditions on educational attainment for 18,241 pupils across the city of Cardiff, ...
Journal article | Journal of the European Economic Association
Renfu Luo, Scott Rozelle, Marcos Vera-Hernandez, Grant Miller and Sean Sylvia
Unlike performance incentives for private sector managers, little is known about performance incentives for managers in public sector bureaucracies. Through a randomized trial in rural China, we study performance incentives rewarding school administrators for reducing student anemia—as well as ...
Journal article | Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics
Graduates from higher income families (with median income of around £77,000) have average earnings which are 20% higher than those from lower income families (with median income of around £26,000). Once we condition on institution and subject choices, this premium roughly halves, to around 10%.
Journal article | Journal of Public Economics
Alcohol consumption is associated with costs to society from anti-social behaviour, crime and public costs of policing and health care. These externalities are non-linear in alcohol consumption, with a small number of heavy drinkers creating the majority of the costs. Governments attempt to reduce ...
Journal article
Rita Ginja, Pedro Carneiro and Emanuela Galasso
We study an intensive social programme in Chile that combines home visits to households in extreme poverty with guaranteed access to social services.
Journal article
James places Tinbergen’s work in context and discusses Tinbergen’s approach to using supply and demand to interpret the pricing of skills – a fundamental conceptual achievement. He shows how his work is related to the modern literature on hedonics and how it was and still is used to ...
Journal article | Fiscal Studies
Pieter Ijtsama, Peter Levell, Bart Los and Marcel Timmer
The aim of this paper is to provide quantitative information about the position of the UK in the network of global value chains (GVCs) and to discuss its implications for the UK's post‐Brexit trade policy. We find that the UK has become much less integrated into global production networks than ...
Journal article | Economics of Education Review
Lorraine Dearden and Paulo Meyer Nascimento
This paper simulates student loan schemes for Brazil. A copula approach is applied to simulate dynamic earnings paths for graduates. Repayment patterns are then simulated for time-based and income-contingent loan designs.
Journal article | Economics of Education Review
To understand and design student loan systems, realistic earnings and/or income projections for current and future graduates are crucial. In this paper, Current Population Survey (CPS) data from the US is used to demonstrate empirical approaches that can be exploited to simulate lifetime income and ...
Journal article | Economics of Education Review
Shiro Armstrong, Lorraine Dearden, Masayuki Kobayashi and Nobuku Nagase
The Japanese higher education sector has seen increases in tuition with stagnant household incomes in a society where family support for university students has been the norm. Student loans from the government have grown rapidly to sustain the gradual increase in university enrolments. These ...
Journal article | Journal of Political Economy
In this paper, we develop an equilibrium lifecycle model of education, marriage and labor supply and consumption in a transferable utility context.
Journal article | Early Childhood Research Quarterly
Journal article published in Early Childhood Research Quarterly on Colombia study on the impact of childcare centres and home-based childcare on child cognitive and socio-emotional development.
Journal article | Economics of Education Review
Jack Britton, Laura van der Erve and Tim Higgins
The impact of the design of income contingent loans for Higher Education students on the magnitude and distribution of government subsidies is highly dependent on the institutional setting.
Journal article | Journal of Public Economics
Stuart Adam, David Phillips and Barra Roantree
We examine the effects of employee and employer social security contributions (SSCs) on labor cost, hours of work, and labor cost per hour in the UK.We find that reductions in marginal rates of employee – but not employer – SSCs have positive effects on labor cost that operate through hours of ...
Journal article | The Economic Journal
This paper studies the relationship between group size and informal risk sharing. It shows that under limited commitment with coalitional deviations, this relationship is theoretically ambiguous.