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Comparison and anti-concentration bounds for maxima of Gaussian random vectors

Authors: Victor Chernozhukov , Denis Chetverikov and Kengo Kato
Date: 01 June 2015
Type: Journal article, Probability Theory and Related Fields, Vol. 162, No. 1, pp. 47--70
DOI: 10.1007/s00440-014-0565-9


Slepian and Sudakov–Fernique type inequalities, which compare expectations of maxima of Gaussian random vectors under certain restrictions on the covariance matrices, play an important role in probability theory, especially in empirical process and extreme value theories. Here we give explicit comparisons of expectations of smooth functions and distribution functions of maxima of Gaussian random vectors without any restriction on the covariance matrices. We also establish an anti-concentration inequality for the maximum of a Gaussian random vector, which derives a useful upper bound on the Lévy concentration function for the Gaussian maximum. The bound is dimension-free and applies to vectors with arbitrary covariance matrices. This anti-concentration inequality plays a crucial role in establishing bounds on the Kolmogorov distance between maxima of Gaussian random vectors. These results have immediate applications in mathematical statistics. As an example of application, we establish a conditional multiplier central limit theorem for maxima of sums of independent random vectors where the dimension of the vectors is possibly much larger than the sample size.

Previous version:
Victor Chernozhukov, Denis Chetverikov and Kengo Kato August 2016, Comparison and anti-concentration bounds for maxima of Gaussian random vectors, cemmap Working Paper, CWP40/16, The IFS

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